Korean People Resist U.S. Pressure and Threats

January 6, 2003

Over the last several weeks, the U.S. government has dramatically stepped up its pressure against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), threatening the country with economic sanctions and even war.

On December 23, for example, U.S. Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, said the U.S. was prepared to wage war not only against Iraq, but also North Korea: "We are capable of fighting two major regional conflicts. We're capable of winning decisively in one and swiftly defeating in the case of the other, and let there be no doubt about it," he said.

At the same time, Senator Joseph Biden, the outgoing chairman of the U.S. Senate foreign relations committee, warned that the situation on the Korean peninsula was "a greater danger immediately to U.S. interests than Saddam Hussein."

In late December, the New York Times also revealed that the White House had recently adopting a new strategy, labeled "tailored containment," in which it was calling on North Korea's neighbors and allies to cut economic ties with the country unless it gave in to U.S. demands. As part of this strategy, the U.S. is attempting to get the U.N. to impose economic sanctions against the DPRK, and is even considering an aggressive naval campaign to interdict Korean vessels on the open seas. Already, on December 10, the U.S. military stopped and boarded a Korean cargo ship bound for Yemen.

In typical imperialist fashion, the White House is turning truth on its head -- declaring that its actions and threats are necessary because North Korea has violated existing agreements and is now posing a nuclear threat to the region.

But facts are stubborn things and no amount of lies and propaganda can hide the truth that it is the U.S., and not the DPRK, which has broken its commitments, and is the cause of tension and conflict on the Korean peninsula.

While the Bush administration accuses the DPRK of secretly pursuing a nuclear weapons program and breaking the "DPRK-U.S. Agreed Framework" (AF) of 1994, the facts show that it is the U.S. government which has failed to live up to every single provision of the AF. Furthermore, it is the U.S. government which continues to militarize the Korean peninsula and threaten the Korean people with nuclear weapons.

Under the terms of the AF, for example, the DPRK suspended the building of graphite-moderated nuclear energy reactors in return for a U.S. commitment to build a Light Water Reactor (LWR). The U.S. also agreed to provide the DPRK with 500,000 tons of oil annually. Article III of this treaty also states that "The U.S. will provide formal assurances to the DPRK against the threat or use of nuclear weapons by the U.S."

To begin with, the LWR project was to be completed by 2003 but, due to the repeated breaking of deadlines by the U.S., work has only just begun and the LWR could not possibly be completed for many years (This has already caused great losses to the economy of the DPRK). In addition, the U.S. has never provided the quantities of oil guaranteed by the AF and in November the U.S. announced that it would completely suspend oil deliveries.

Perhaps the most telling exposure of the real intentions of U.S. imperialism is that rather than renouncing the use of nuclear weapons, the Pentagon recently published its plan for a first-strike nuclear assault against the DPRK even while the Bush administration continues to brand the DPRK as part of an "axis-of-evil" and a prime target in the U.S. "war against terrorism."

Facing this situation, the DPRK has reserved for itself the right to take whatever measures necessary to defend its sovereignty. It has demanded an end to U.S. imperialism's hostility and called for the signing of a non-aggression treaty between the two countries. In December, North Korea announced it would reactivate its nuclear energy program in order to generate much-needed electricity.

U.S. imperialism's aggressive tactics reflect its growing isolation and weakness. With the last two years, the struggle of the Korean people -- north and south -- for reunification has surged forward dramatically. Every day, new economic, political, social and others ties are being developed between the two parts of the country as the people work to break down all the barriers and partitions created by U.S. imperialism's occupation of South Korea. Across South Korea, millions of people are coming out to demand an end to U.S. military occupation.

In addition, throughout the region, a new wind of reconciliation between countries is breaking down the Cold War barriers put up by U.S. imperialism.

Thus, the Bush administration is again using the phony propaganda about "weapons of mass destruction" as a pretext for fomenting tensions and trying to militarize the situation.

Its goal is to turn back the tide of Korean reunification and Asian reconciliation and to justify the continued occupation of South Korea by 37,000 U.S. troops. Its morbid dream is to reignite the Korean war, recolonize the DPRK and use the Korean peninsula as a springboard for extending its military presence and domination throughout Asia.

Thus in resisting the pressure and threats of U.S. imperialism, the DPRK and the whole Korean nation have once again thrown themselves into the forefront of the worldwide struggle against imperialism and war. By defending their sovereignty and dignity and resolutely exposing the war plans and propaganda of imperialism, the Korean people are assisting the peoples everywhere to defeat U.S. imperialism and its war program.